E-learning references



Teaching & Learning

Tools & Techniques

Social & Political Issues

This page contains references - academic, journalistic and practical - on the major topics covered in Mark Pegrum's e-learning courses. Please note that there is a separate page of references specifically on m-learning. You can navigate the current page using the selected terms in the visual menus above, where topics are loosely sorted into categories. Alternatively, you will find the complete list of topics in alphabetical order in the box below. New media are indicated in the format podcast. Many of the references are publicly available online. Those marked [UWA CMO] or [UWA Library] are available to staff and students at the University of Western Australia.

introduction / 21st century skills / acceptance / AI / Android phones / applications / apps / artificial intelligence / assessment / attention / augmented reality / big data / blended learning / blogs / bookmarking / BYOD / BYOT / CALL / cellphones / censorship / chat / code literacy / collective intelligence / community of inquiry / community of practice / computational thinking / constructivism / copyright / critical literacy / culture / data visualisation / developing countries / digital divide / digital literacies / digital natives / digital storytelling / digital technologies / discussion boards / e-portfolios / e-waste / Facebook / flipped classrooms / folksonomies / gamification / gaming / health / hypertext literacy / information literacy / information management / information overload / instant messaging / internet of things / iPads / iPhones / iTunes / learning analytics / learning spaces / librarianship / LMSs / machinima / MALL / media literacy / microblogging / m-learning / mobile phones / mobile web / MOOCs / multiliteracies / multimedia literacy / multimodality / multitasking / netspeak / network literacy / normalisation / online pedagogy / open educational resources / participatory literacy / photosharing / plagiarism / PLEs / PLNs / podcasting / PowerPoint / privacy / QR codes / remix literacy / reputation / research / RSS / safety / SAMR / search / smartphones / social media / social networking / social sharing / sociopolitical issues / surveillance / tablets / tagging / textspeak / TPACK / Twitter / txtspk / u-learning / video / videosharing / virtual worlds / VLEs / vodcasting / VoIP / web 1.0 / web 2.0 / web 3.0 / web meets world / Wikipedia / wikis / young learners / youth / YouTube

- ► introduction -


- ► 21st century skills -

  • Barber, M., Donnelly, K., & Rizvi, S. (2012, Aug.). Oceans of innovation: The Atlantic, the Pacific, global leadership and the future of education. London: Institute for Public Policy Research. Retrieved from http://www.ippr.org/images/media/files/publication/2012/09/oceans-of-innovation_Aug2012_9543.pdf
  • Finger, G. (2015). Creativity, visualisation, collaboration and communication. In M. Henderson & G. Romeo (Eds.), Teaching and digital technologies: Big issues and critical questions. Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]
  • Henriksen, D., Mishra, P., & Mehta, R. (2015). Novel, effective, whole: Toward a NEW framework for evaluations of creative products. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 23(3), 455-478. [UWA Library]
  • Jenkins, S., et al. (2016). The shifting paradigm of teaching: Personalized learning according to teachers. KnowledgeWorks/NCTAF.
  • Khan, S. (2012). The one world schoolhouse: Education reimagined. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  • Robinson, K. (2011). Out of our minds: Learning to be creative (revised ed.). Chichester: Capstone.
  • Stansberry, S., Thompson, P., & Kymes, A. (2015). Teaching creativity in a Master's level educational technology course. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 23(3), 433-453. [UWA Library]
  • Zhao, Y. (2012). World class learners: Educating creative and entrepreneurial students. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

- ► acceptance -

  • Howard, S.K., & Mozejko, A. (2015). Teachers: Technology, change and resistance. In M. Henderson & G. Romeo (Eds.), Teaching and digital technologies: Big issues and critical questions. Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]
  • Huntington, H. & Worrell, T. (2013). Information Communication Technologies in the Classroom: Expanding TAM to Examine Instructor Acceptance and Use. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 22(2), 147-164. http://www.editlib.org/p/41348
  • James, R. (2014). ICT's participatory potential in higher education collaborations: Reality or just talk. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(4), 557-570. [UWA Library]
  • Li, L. (2014). Understanding language teachers' practice with educational technology: A case from China. System, 46, 105-119. [UWA Library]
  • Oakley, G., & Pegrum, M. (2015). Engaging in networked learning: Innovating at the intersection of technology and pedagogy. Education Research and Perspectives, 42, 397-428. [article]
  • Park, S.Y., Nam, M.-W., & Cha, S.-B. (2012). University students’ behavioural intention to use mobile learning: Evaluating the technology acceptance model. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(4), 592-605. [UWA Library]
  • Petko, D., Egger, N., Cantieni, A., & Wespi, B. (2015). Digital media adoption in schools: Bottom-up, top-down, complementary or optional? Computers & Education, 84, 49-61. [UWA Library]
  • Uluyol, Ç., & Şahin, S. (2014). Elementary school teachers' ICT use in the classroom and their motivators for using ICT. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(1), 65-75. [UWA Library]
  • van den Breemt, A., & Diepstraten, I. (2016). Teacher perspectives on ICT: A learning ecology approach. Computers & Education, 92-93, 161-170. [UWA Library]

- ► artificial intelligence [AI] -

See also: Big data.

  • Frankish, K., & Ramsey, W.M. (2014). The Cambridge handbook of artificial intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]
  • Kaku, M. (2014). The future of the mind: The scientific quest to understand, enhance and empower the mind. London: Penguin. [UWA Library]
  • Kurzweil, R. (2005). The singularity is near: When humans transcend biology. London: Duckworth Overlook. [UWA Library]
  • Kurzweil, R. (2013). How to create a mind: The secret of human thought revealed. London: Duckworth Overlook. [UWA Library]
  • Russell, S.J., & Norvig, P. Artificial intelligence: A modern approach (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. [UWA Library]
  • Sandberg, A. (2015). Ethics of brain emulation. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 26(3), 439-457. [UWA Library]
  • Somers, J. (2013, Nov.). The man who would teach machines to think. The Atlantic. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/11/the-man-who-would-teach-machines-to-think/309529/
  • Warwick, K. (2012). Artificial intelligence: The basics. London: Routledge. [UWA Library]

- ► assessment -

See also: E-portfolios.

  • boyd, d., & Crawford, K. (2012). Critical questions for big data: Provocations for a cultural, technological, and scholarly phenomenon. Information, Communication & Society, 15(5), 662-679. [UWA Library]
  • Cennamo, K.S., Ross, J.D., & Ertmer, P.A. (2010). Assessment and evaluation. In K.S. Cennamo, J.D. Ross & P. Ertmer, Technology integration for meaningful classroom use: A standards-based approach (pp.161-188). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. [UWA CMO]
  • Chwo, G.S.M. (2015). Empowering EIL learning with a web 2.0 resource: An initial finding from the cross campus Storybird feedback study. Computers & Education, 84, 1-7.[UWA Library]
  • Cope, B., & Kalantzis, M. (2013). Introduction: New media, new learning and new assessments. E-learning and digital media, 10(4).http://www.wwwords.co.uk/pdf/freetoview.asp?j=elea&vol=10&issue=4&year=2013&article=1_Introduction_ELEA_10_4_web
  • Cowie, N., & Sakui, K. (2015). Assessment and e-learning: Current issues and future trends. JALTCALL Journal, 11(3), 271-281. http://journal.jaltcall.org/articles/11_3_Cowie.pdf
  • Farrell, T., & Rushby, N. (2016). Assessment and learning technologies: An overview. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(1), 106-120.
  • Gruba, P., & Clark, C. (2013). Formative assessment within social network sites for language learning. In M. Lamy & K. Zourou (Eds.), Social networking for language education (pp.177-193). London: Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
  • Leakey, J. (2011). Evaluating computer-assisted language learning. Peter Lang.
  • Mwanza-Simwami, D., Kukulska-Hulme, A., Clough, G., Whitelock, D., Ferguson, R., & Sharples, M. (2011). Methods and models of next generation technology enhanced learning. White paper. Alpine Rendezvous, 28-29 March 2011, La Clusaz, France. http://oro.open.ac.uk/29056/1/Methods_and_models_of_next_generation_TEL.pdf
  • Newhouse, C.P. (2015). Making learning visible through digital forms of assessment. In M. Henderson & G. Romeo (Eds.), Teaching and digital technologies: Big issues and critical questions. Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]
  • Nikou, S.A., & Economides, A.A. (2013). Mobile assessment: State of the art. In Z.L. Berge & L.Y. Muilenburg (Eds.), Handbook of mobile learning (pp.346-355). New York: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Pachler, N., & Daly, C. (2011). E-assessment, e-portfolios, quality assurance and the student experience. In N. Pachler & C. Daly, Key issues in e-learning: Research and practice. London: Continuum. [UWA CMO]
  • Palloff, R.M., & Pratt, K. (2008). Assessing the online learner: Resources and strategies for faculty. Hoboken: Jossey-Bass.http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2012/01_education_technology_winthrop.aspx
  • Rowley, J. (Ed.). (2017). ePortfolios in Australian universities. Singapore: Springer. [UWA Library]
  • Wanner, T., & Palmer, E. (2015). Personalising learning: Exploring student and teacher perceptions about flexible learning and assessment ina flipped university course. Computers & Education, 88, 354-369. [UWA Library]
  • White, G. (2011). Assessment through technology. DERN, 12 May. http://dern.org.au/index.php/comment/assessment-through-technology [free registration required]

- ► attention [information overload] -


- ► blended learning -


- ► blogs -

  • Appleby, M. (2007). A blogging good idea. Humanising Language Teaching, 9(5). http://www.hltmag.co.uk/sep07/sart01.htm
  • Boxer, S. (2008). Ultimate blogs: Masterworks from the wild web. Vintage. [UWA Library]
  • boyd, d. (2005). Blogging outloud: Shifts in public voice. Paper presented at LITA Conference. http://www.danah.org/papers/LITA.html
  • Bradley, P. (2007). Weblogs. In P. Bradley, How to use web 2.0 in your library (pp.35-51). London: Facet. [UWA Library]
  • Bradnock, M. (2007). Blogs and bytes. School Library Association. [UWA Library]
  • Bruns, A., & Jacos, J. (2006). Uses of Blogs. Peter Lang. [UWA Library]
  • Camilleri, M., et al. (2008). Blogs: Web journals in language education. Council of Europe. [UWA Library]
  • YouTube COFA. (2010). Using blogs for peer feedback and discussion. Learning to teach online. http://www.youtube.com/user/COFAonlineUNSW?feature=mhum#p/u/5/T4HLGRzhWBs
  • Coombs, K.A., & Griffey, J. (2008). Library blogging. Linworth. [UWA Library]
  • Crawford, W. (2008). Academic library blogs: 231 examples. CreateSpace. [UWA Library]
  • blog Davies, C. (2014, Aug. 4). Why blogging is so valuable in the elementary classroom. A learning life for me. http://alearninglifeforme.edublogs.org/2014/08/04/why-blogging-is-so-valuable-in-the-elementary-classroom
  • Doctorow, C. (2002). My blog, my outboard brain. O’Reilly WebDev Center, 31 May. http://www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/javascript/2002/01/01/cory.html
  • Engdahl, S.L. (2008). Blogs. Greenhaven Press. [UWA Library]
  • blog Glogowski, K. (ongoing). Blog of proximal development. http://www.teachandlearn.ca/blog/
  • Godwin-Jones, R. (2003). Emerging technologies. Blogs and wikis: environments for on-line collaboration. LLT, 7(2), 12-16. http://llt.msu.edu/vol7num2/pdf/emerging.pdf
  • Godwin-Jones, R. (2011). Mobile apps for language learning. LLT, 15(2), 2-11. http://llt.msu.edu/issues/june2011/emerging.pdf
  • Green, T.D., Brown, A., & Robinson, L. (2008). Making the most of the web in your classroom: A teacher’s guide to blogs, podcasts, wikis, pages, and sites. Thousand Oaks: Corwin. [UWA Library]
  • Hudson, D.L. (2008). Blogging. Chelsea House. [UWA Library]
  • Jones, L.C., & Holland, A. (2013). Who blogs? Understanding the correlation of personality and blogging in cultural discussions. In P. Hubbard, M. Schulze & B. Smith (Eds.), Learner-computer interaction in language education (pp.92-117). San Marcos, TX: CALICO.
  • Loewenstein, A. (2008). The blogging revolution. Melbourne University Press. [UWA Library]
  • blog Murthy, D. (2010). Teaching with blogs: Experiences from the classroom. Anomie and Ivory. http://www.dhirajmurthy.com/?p=229
  • O'Byrne, B., & Murrell, S. (2013). Evaluating multimodal literacies in student blogs. British Journal of Educational Technology [early view]. [UWA Library]
  • wiki Pegrum, M. (ongoing). Blogs. E-language wiki. http://e-language.wikispaces.com/blogs
  • Richardson, W. (2008). Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful web tools for classrooms. Corwin. [UWA Library]
  • Rosenberg, S. (2009). Fragments for the future. In S. Rosenberg, Say everything: How blogging began, what it’s becoming, and why it matters (pp.328-351). New York: Crown. [UWA CMO]
  • Sauers, M. (2006). Blogging and RSS: A librarian’s guide. Information Today. [UWA Library]
  • Selfridge, B., & Selfridge, P. (2008). A teen’s guide to creating web pages and blogs. Prufrock Press. [UWA Library]
  • Stanley, G. (2006). Redefining the blog: From composition class to flexible learning. In E. Hanson-Smith & S. Rilling (Eds.), Learning languages through technology (pp.187-200). TESOL. [UWA CMO]
  • video Stannard, R. (n.d.). How to blog. http://www.teachertrainingvideos.com/blog/index.html
  • Stauffer, T. (2007). How to do everything with your web 2.0 blog. McGraw-Hill Osborne. [UWA Library]
  • Warlick, D. (2007). Classroom blogging (2nd ed.). Lulu.com. [UWA Library]

- ► CALL -

References on MALL: See M-learning references

  • Blake, R.J. (2008). Brave new digital classroom: Technology and foreign language learning. Washington, DC: Georgetown UP. [UWA Library]
  • Blake, R.J. (2009). The use of technology for second language distance learning. The Modern Language Journal, 93, 822-835. [UWA Library]
  • Blin, F. (2016). Towards an 'ecological' CALL theory: Theoretical perspectives and their instantiation in CALL research. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
  • Borau, K., Ulrich, C., Feng, J., & Shen, R. (2009). Microblogging for language learning: Using Twitter to train communicative and cultural competence. In M. Spaniol, Q. Li, R. Klamma, & R.W.H. Lau (Eds.), Advances in web based learning – ICWL 2009: 8th International Conference, Aachen, Germany, August 19-21, 2009 Proceedings (pp.78-87). Berlin: Springer.
  • Brandl, K. (2012). Principles and guidelines for task design in CMC learning. In F. Zhang (Ed.), Computer-enhanced and mobile-assisted language learning: Emerging issues and trends (pp.1-33). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
  • Carrier, M. (2007). Technology in the future of the language classroom. Modern English Teacher, 15(4), 5-15. [UWA CMO]
  • Chapelle, C.A. (2009). The relationship between second language acquisition theory and computer-assisted language learning. The Modern Language Journal, 93, 741-753. [UWA Library]
  • Chapelle, C.A., & Jamieson, J. (2008). Tips for teaching with CALL: Practical approaches to computer-assisted language learning. Pearson.
  • Chiu, Y.-H. (2013). Computer-assisted second language vocabulary instruction: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(2), E52-E56. [UWA Library]
  • Chun, D. (2006). CALL technologies for L2 reading. In L. Ducate & N. Arnold (Eds.), Calling on CALL: From theory and research to new directions in foreign language teaching (pp.69-98). San Marcos, TX: CALICO. [UWA Library]
  • Ducate, L., & Arnold, N. (Eds.). (2006). Calling on CALL: From theory and research to new directions in foreign language teaching. San Marcos, TX: CALICO. [UWA Library]
  • Comfort, T., & Tierney, D. (2007). We have the technology: Using ICT to enhance primary languages. London: CILT. [UWA Library]
  • Davies, G. (2007). Computer-assisted language learning: Where are we now and where are we going? [Revised.] Guest lecture at University of Warwick, 3 Oct. http://www.camsoftpartners.co.uk/docs/UCALL_Keynote.htm
  • website + blog ICT for language teachers. http://www.ict4lt.org
  • Dieu, B., & Stevens, V. (2007). Pedagogical affordances of syndication, aggregation, and mash-up of content on the web. TESL-EJ, 11(1). http://tesl-ej.org/ej41/int.html
  • Digital games for language learning: Challenges and opportunities. Special issue of ReCALL. (2012). http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayIssue?decade=2010&jid=REC&volumeId=24&issueId=03&iid=8699368
  • Egbert, J., et al. (2011). Moving forward: Anecdotes and evidence guiding the next generation of CALL. International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching, 1(1), 1-15. http://www.igi-global.com/viewtitle.aspx?titleid=51343&sender=2db1c502-2264-4f0a-a32a-8a46ef6254de
  • Fotos, S., & Browne, C.M. (Eds.). New perspectives on CALL for second language classrooms. LEA. [UWA Library]
  • Garrett, N. (2009). Computer-assisted language learning trends and issues revisited: Integrating innovation. The Modern Language Journal, 93,719-740. [UWA Library]
  • Godwin-Jones, R. (2016). Emerging technologies. Looking back and ahead: 20 years of technologies for language learning. Language Learning & Technology, 20(2), 5-12. http://llt.msu.edu/issues/june2016/emerging.pdf
  • Gonglewski, M., & DuBravac, S. (2006). Multiliteracy: Second language literacy in the multimedia environment. In L. Ducate & N. Arnold (Eds.), Calling on CALL: From theory and research to new directions in foreign language teaching (pp.43-68). San Marcos, TX: CALICO.
  • Grantham O’Brien, M. (2006). Teaching pronunciation and intonation with computer technology. In L. Ducate & N. Arnold (Eds.), Calling on CALL: From theory and research to new directions in foreign language teaching (pp.127-148). San Marcos, TX: CALICO.
  • Hampel, R., & Stickler, U. (2006). Good practice guide: Online teaching skills for language tutors. HEA/LLAS. http://www.llas.ac.uk/resources/goodpractice.aspx?resourceid=2530
  • Healey, D. (2016). Language learning and technology. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
  • Heift, T., & Chapelle, C.A. (2011). Language learning through technology. In S. Gass & A. Mackey (Eds.), Handbook of second language acquisition (pp.555-570). Routledge.
  • Heift, T., & Schulze, M. (2012). Errors and intelligence in computer-assisted language learning: Parsers and pedagogues. Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Hubbard, P. (ongoing). An invitation to CALL: Foundations of computer-assisted language learning. http://www.stanford.edu/~efs/callcourse/index.htm
  • Hubbard, P., & Levy, M. (2016). Theory in computer-assisted language learning research and practice. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
  • Hubbard, P., Schulze, M., & Smith, B. (Eds.) (2013). Learner-computer interaction in language education. San Marcos, TX: CALICO.
  • Ioannou-Georgiou, S. (2006). The future of CALL. ELT Journal, 60(4), 382-384. [UWA CMO]
  • Jarvis, H. (2012). Computers and learner autonomy: Trends and issues. London: British Council. http://englishagenda.britishcouncil.org/sites/ec/files/B208_ELTRP%20Jarvis%20Report_AW.pdf
  • Kenning, M.-M. (2007). ICT and language learning: From print to the mobile phone. Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
  • Kern, R. (2010). Technology and language learning. In J. Simpson (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics (pp.200-214). New York: Routledge.
  • Lafford, B.A. (2009). Toward an ecological CALL: Update to Garrett (1991). The Modern Language Journal, 93, 673-696. [UWA Library]
  • Lafford, B.A., Lafford, P.A., & Sykes, J. (2007). Entre dicho y hecho...: An assessment of the application of research from second language acquisition and related fields to the creation of Spanish CALL materials for lexical acquisition. CALICO Journal, 24(3), 497-529. https://calico.org/html/article_658.pdf
  • Lamy, M.N., Hampel, R. (2007). Online communication in language learning and teaching. London: Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
  • Lamy, M.-N., & Zourou, K. (Eds.). (2013). Social networking for language education. London: Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
  • Leakey, J. (2011). Evaluating computer-assisted language learning. Peter Lang.
  • Levy, M. (2009). Technologies in use for second language learning. The Modern Language Journal, 93, 769-782. [UWA Library]
  • Levy, M., & Stockwell, G. (2006). Emergent and established CALL. In M. Levy & G. Stockwell, CALL dimensions: Options and issues in computer assisted language learning (pp.239-253). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. [UWA CMO]
  • Li, L. (2014). Understanding language teachers' practice with educational technology: A case from China. System, 46, 105-119. [UWA Library]
  • Lomicka, L., & Lord, G. (2016). Social networking and language learning. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
  • Luke, C.L. (2006). Situating CALL in the broader methodological context of foreign language teaching and learning: Promises and possibilities. In L. Ducate & N. Arnold (Eds.), Calling on CALL: From theory and research to new directions in foreign language teaching (pp.21-41). San Marcos, TX: CALICO. [UWA CMO]
  • Meskill, C., & Anthony, N. (2010). Teaching languages online. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.[UWA Library]
  • Motteram, G. (Ed.). (n.d.). Innovations in learning technologies for English language teaching. London: British Council. http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/C607%20Information%20and%20Communication_WEB%20ONLY_FINAL.pdf
  • Nicolson, M., Murphy, L., & Southgate, M. (2011). Language teaching in blended contexts. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press.
  • Payne, J.S., & Ross, B.M. (2005). Synchronous CMC, working memory, and L2 oral proficiency development. Language Learning & Technology, 9(3), 35-54. http://llt.msu.edu/vol9num3/pdf/payne.pdf
  • Peachey, N. (2012, May 15). Technology can sometimes be wasted on English language teaching. The Guardian.http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2012/may/15/technology-fails-elt
  • Pegrum, M. (2009). Communicative networking & linguistic mashups on web 2.0. In M. Thomas (Ed.)., Handbook of research on web 2.0 and second language learning (pp.20-41). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. [UWA CMO]
  • Razagifard, P. (2013). The impact of text-based CMC on improving L2 oral fluency. Journal of Computer-Assisted Learning, 29, 270-279.
  • Sockett, G. (2013). Understanding the online informal learning of English as a complex dynamic system: an emic approach. ReCALL, 25(1), 48-62. [UWA Library]
  • Stanley, G. (2013). Language learning with technology: Ideas for integrating technology in the classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Steel, C. & Levy, M. (2013). Language students and their technologies: Charting the evolution 2006-2011. ReCALL, 25(3). [UWA Library]
  • Stockwell, G. (Ed.). (2012). Computer-assisted language learning: Diversity in research and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]
  • Sykes, J.M. (2005). Synchronous CMC and pragmatic development: Effects of oral and written chat. CALICO Journal, 22(3), 399-431. https://calico.org/html/article_142.pdf
  • Tanghe, S., & Park, G. (2016). “Build[ing] something which alone we could not have done”: International collaborative teaching and learning in languageteacher education. System, 57, 1-13. [UWA Library]
  • Thomas, M., Reinders, H., & Warschauer, M. (Eds.). (2013). Contemporary computer-assisted language learning. London: Bloomsbury. [UWA Library]
  • Thorne, S.L. (2013). Language learning, ecological validity, and innovation under conditions of superdiversity. Bellaterra Journal of Teaching & Learning Language & Literature, 6(2), 1-27. http://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1002&context=wll_fac
  • Thorne, S.L., Black, R.W., & Sykes, J.M. (2009). Second language use, socialization, and learning in internet interest communities and online gaming. The Modern Language Journal, 93, 802-821. [UWA Library]
  • Thouesny, S., & Bradley, L. (2011). Second language teaching and learning with technology: Views of emergent researchers. Research-publishing.net.
  • Ushioda, E., & Dörnyei, Z. (2009). Motivation, language identities and the L2 self: A theoretical overview. In Z. Dörnyei & E. Ushioda (Eds.), Motivation, language identity and the L2 self. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. [UWA Library]
  • Warschauer, M. (2004). Technological change and the future of CALL. In S. Fotos & C.M. Browne (Eds.), New perspectives on CALL for second language classrooms (pp.15-26). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [UWA Library]
  • Warschauer, M., Black, R., & Chou, Y-L. (2010). Online Englishes. In A. Kirkpatrick (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of World Englishes (pp.490-505). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Warschauer, M., & Liaw, M.-L. (2013). Emerging technologies in adult literacy and language education. National Institute for Literacy.
  • Zheng, B., & Warschauer, M. (2015). Participation, interaction, and academic achievement in an online discussion environment. Computers & Education, 84, 78-89. [UWA Library]
  • Zheng, D., & Newgarden, K. (2012). Rethinking language learning: Virtual worlds as a catalyst for change.International Journal of Learning and Media, 3(2), 13-36.
  • Ziegler, N.E., & Feucht, F.C. (2012). Technology and second language learning: Developmental recommendations for early-childhood education. In S. Blake, D. Winsor & L. Allen (Eds.), Technology and young children: Bridging the communication-generation gap (pp.151-179). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
  • Zou, B. (2013). Computer-assisted foreign language teaching and learning: Technological advances. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

- ► collective intelligence -

  • Bruns, A. (2008). Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and beyond: From production to produsage. New York: Peter Lang. [UWA Library]
  • Center for Collective Intelligence. MIT. http://cci.mit.edu/
  • Fischer, G. (2011). Understanding, fostering, and supporting cultures of participation. ACM Interactions XVIII.3, 42-53. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/interactions-coverstory.pdf
  • Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. NYU Press. [UWA Library]
  • Jenkins, H., Ford, S., & Green, J. (2013). Spreadable media: Creating value. New York: NYU Press. [UWA Library]
  • Jones, C. (2015). Networked learning. Berlin: Springer.
  • Leadbeater, C. (2008). We-Think. Profile. [UWA Library]
  • video Lévy, P. (n.d.). Collective intelligence. [Interview with Howard Rheingold.] http://HowardRheingold.blip.tv/file/4080571/
  • Morville, P. (2014). Intertwingled: Information changes everything. Semantic Studios.
  • Rheingold, H. (2012). Mind Amplifier. New York: TED.
  • Rheingold, H. (2012). Net smart: How to thrive online. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [UWA CMO]
  • Shirky, C. (2008). Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. Allen Lane. [UWA Library]
  • Shirky, C. (2010). Cognitive surplus: Creativity and generosity in a connected age. New York: The Penguin Press. [UWA Library]
  • Sunstein, C.R. (2006). Infotopia: How many minds produce knowledge. Oxford: OUP. [UWA Library]
  • Thompson, C. (2013). Smarter than you think: How technology is changing our minds for the better. London: William Collins. [UWA Library]
  • Weinberger, D. (2011). Prologue: The crisis of knowledge. In D. Weinberger, Too big to know: Rethinking knowledge now that the facts aren't the facts, experts are everywhere, and the smartest person in the room is the room. New York: Basic Books. [UWA CMO]
  • slideshow Weinberger, D. (2012). 14 ways the internet is making us smarter. The Huffington Post, 23 Jan. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-weinberger/internet-makes-us-smarter_b_1225187.html

- ► community of inquiry -

  • Garrison, D.R. (2007). Online community of inquiry review: Social, cognitive, and teaching presence issues. JALN, 11(1), 61-72. http://sloanconsortium.org/sites/default/files/v11n1_8garrison.pdf
  • Garrison, D.R., & Anderson, T. (2011). Community of inquiry. In E-learning in the 21st century: A framework for research and practice (2nd ed., pp.19-29). New York: Routledger. [UWA CMO]
  • Motteram, G. (2009). Social computing and teacher education: An agenda for course development. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 3(1), 83-97. [UWA CMO]
  • Teaching & Learning Centre. (2007). Community of inquiry. http://communitiesofinquiry.com/

- ► community of practice -

  • Gray, B. (2004). Informal learning in an online community of practice. Journal of Distance Education, 19(1), 20-35. http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/103
  • Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
  • Solomon, G., & Schrum, L. (2007). Communities of practice. In G. Solomon & L. Schrum, Web 2.0: New tools, new schools (pp.103-106). Eugene: ISTE. [UWA CMO]
  • Wenger, E. (n.d.). Communities of practice: A brief introduction. http://www.ewenger.com/theory/index.htm
  • Wenger, E. (1998). Introduction: A social theory of learning. In E. Wenger, Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity (pp.3-15). Cambridge: CUP. [UWA CMO]
  • Wenger, E., McDermott, R., & Snyder, W.M. (2002). Cultivating communities of practice. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. [UWA Library]

- ► constructivism -

  • Concept to Classroom. (2004). Constructivism as a paradigm for teaching and learning. Educational Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism/index.html
  • Dalgarno, B. (2001). Interpretations of constructivism and consequences for computer assisted learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 32(2), 183-194. [UWA CMO]
  • Duffy, T.M., & Jonassen, D.H. (1992). Constructivism: New implications for instructional technology. In T.M. Duffy & D.H. Jonassen (Eds.), Constructivism and the technology of instruction: A conversation (pp.1-16). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [UWA CMO]
  • Felix, U. (2005). E-learning pedagogy in the third millennium: The need for combining social and cognitive constructivist approaches. ReCALL, 17: 85-100. [UWA Library]
  • Finger, G., et al. (2007). Table 4.2: Framework I – The ‘isms’ of education. In G. Finger et al, Transforming learning with ICT: Making it happen (pp.118-120). Frenchs Forest: Pearson. [UWA CMO]
  • Murphy, E. (1997). Constructivism: From philosophy to practice. http://www.ucs.mun.ca/~emurphy/stemnet/cle.html
  • Paurelle, S. (2003). E-learning and constructivism. Learning & Teaching Enhancement Unit, Canterbury Christ Church University College: Briefing Paper, Oct. http://www.canterbury.ac.uk/Support/learning-teaching-enhancement-unit/Resources/Documents/BriefingNotes/ConstructivistPedagogy.pdf
  • Phillips, D.C. (1995). The good, the bad, and the ugly: The many faces of constructivism. Educational Researcher, 24(7), 5-12. [UWA CMO]
  • Roblyer, M.D., & Doering, A.H. (2010). [Excerpt from] Theory and practice: Foundations for effective technology integration. In Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching (pp.33-44). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. [UWA CMO]
  • Sfard, A. (1998). On two metaphors for learning and the dangers of choosing just one. Educational Researcher, 27(2), 4-13. [UWA CMO]
  • Wiley, D. (2003). The coming collision between automated instruction and social constructivism. http://kb.osu.edu/dspace/handle/1811/26

- ► copyright -

The references below are concerned with copyright law and related issues. For actual sources of Creative Commons, copyright-free and copyright-friendly materials, see the Creative Commons & free materials section of the E-tools page.

  • Discussion:
    • Doctorow, C. (2014). Information doesn't want to be free: Laws for the internet age. San Francisco: McSweeney's. [UWA Library]
    • Patry, W. (2009). Introduction. In W. Patry, Moral panics and the copyright wars (pp.xv-xxiv). New York: OUP. [UWA CMO]
    • Vaidhyanathan, S. (2001). Copyrights and copywrongs: The rise of intellectual property and how it threatens creativity. New York: New York UP.






- ► culture -

  • Belz, J.A., & Müller-Hartmann, A. (2003). Teachers as intercultural learners: Negotiating German-American telecollaboration along the institutional faultline. The Modern Language Journal, 87(1), 71-89. [UWA CMO]
  • Chambers, E. (2003). Cultural imperialism or pluralism? Cross-cultural electronic teaching in the humanities. Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 2(3), 249-264. [UWA CMO]
  • Edmundson, A. (Ed.). (2006). Globalized e-learning cultural challenges. Hershey: Idea Group. [UWA Library]
  • Ess, C. (2003). Liberal arts and distance education: Can Socratic virtue and Confucius’ exemplary person be taught online? Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 2(2), 117-137. [UWA CMO]
  • Ess, C. (2005). Being in place out of place.../ Being out of place in place: CMC, globalization, and emerging hybridities as new cosmopolitanisms? In M. Thorseth & C. Ess (Eds.), Technology in a multicultural and global society (pp. 91-114). NTNU Publication Series No. 6. Trondheim, Norway: Norwegian University of Science and Technology. [UWA CMO]
  • Furstenberg, G., & English, K. (2016). Cultura revisited. Language Learning & Technology, 20(2), 172-178. http://llt.msu.edu/issues/june2016/furstenbergenglish.pdf
  • Goodfellow, R., Lea, M., Gonzalez, F., & Mason, R. (2001). Opportunity and e-quality: Intercultural and linguistic issues in global online learning. In Distance Education, 22(1), 65-84. [UWA Library]
  • Helm, F. (2015). The practices and challenges of telecollaboration in higher education in Europe. Language Learning & Technology, 19(2), 197-217. http://llt.msu.edu/issues/june2015/helm.pdf
  • Helm, F., & Guth, S. (2016). Telecollaboration and language learning. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
  • Lewis, T., & O’Dowd, R. (2016). Introduction to online intercultural exchange and this volume. In R. O’Dowd & T. Lewis (Eds.), Online intercultural exchange: Policy, pedagogy, practice. Florence: Taylor & Francis.
  • McCormick, M.H. (2007). Webmastered: Postcolonialism and the internet. In J. Lockard & M. Pegrum (Eds.), Brave new classrooms: Democratic education and the Internet (pp.75-86). New York: Peter Lang. [UWA Library]
  • O’Dowd, R. (2016). Learning from the past and looking to the future of online intercultural exchange. In R. O’Dowd & T. Lewis (Eds.), Online intercultural exchange: Policy, pedagogy, practice. Florence: Taylor & Francis.
  • Reeder, K., Macfadyen, L.P., Chase, M., & Roche, J. (2004). Falling through the (cultural) gaps? Intercultural communication challenges in cyberspace. In F. Sudweeks & C. Ess (Eds.), Fourth International Conference on Cultural Attitudes towards Technology and Communication (pp.123-134). Perth: Murdoch University. [UWA CMO]
  • Sabre, G. (2007). SL education vs personal beliefs. The Metaverse Journal. http://www.metaversejournal.com/2007/09/10/sl-education-vs-personal-beliefs/
  • Sobré-Denton, M. (2016). Virtual intercultural bridgework: Social media, virtual cosmopolitanism, and activist community-building. New Media & Society, 18(8), 1715-1731. [UWA Library]
  • Thorne, S. L. (2016). Foreword: The virtual internationalization turn in language study. In R. O’Dowd & T. Lewis (Eds.), Online intercultural exchange: Policy, pedagogy, practice. Florence: Taylor & Francis.
  • Warschauer, M. (2006). Wiring English into our technological world. Guardian Weekly, 20 Jan. http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2006/jan/20/tefl.olpc

- ► data visualisation -


- ► developing countries -



- ► digital divide -

  • Anderson, N. (2015). Digital technologies and equity: gender, digital divide. In M. Henderson & G. Romeo (Eds.), Teaching and digital technologies: Big issues and critical questions. Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press.
  • Brake, D.R. (2014). Are we all online content creators now? Web 2.0 and digital divides. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19, 591-609.
  • Buchi, M., Just, N., & Latzer, M. (2016). Modeling the second-level digital divide: A five-country study of social differences in internet use. New Media & Society, 18(1), 2703-2722.
  • ELI. (2015). 7 things you should read about ... digital divides and today's technologies. EDUCAUSE. https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/elir1507.pdf
  • Grossman, L. (2014, Dec. 15). The man who wired the world. Time, pp.34-42.
  • Haythornthwaite, C. (2007). Digital divide and e-learning. In R. Andrews & C. Haythornthwaite (Eds.), The Sage handbook of e-learning research (pp.97-118). London: Sage. [UWA Library]
  • Hesper, E.J. (2008). Digital inclusion: An analysis of social disadvantage and the information society. London: Department for Communities & Local Government. http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/communities/pdf/digitalinclusionanalysis
  • Selwyn, N., & Facer, K. (2007). Beyond the digital divide: Rethinking digital inclusion for the 21st century. Bristol: Futurelab. http://archive.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/opening_education/Digital_Divide.pdf
  • Skallerup Bessette, L. (2012, 2 Jul.) It's about class: Interrogating the digital divide. Hybrid Pedagogy. http://www.hybridpedagogy.com/Journal/files/the_digital_divide.html
  • Warschauer, M. (2003). Conclusion: The social embeddedness of technology. In M. Warschauer, Technology and social inclusion: Rethinking the digital divide (pp.199-216). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Warschauer, M., & Matuchniak, T. (2010). New technology and digital worlds: Analyzing evidence of equity in access, use, and outcomes. Review of Research in Education, 34(1), 179-225. http://www.scribd.com/doc/28288304/New-Technology-and-Digital-Worlds-Analyzing-Evidence-of-Equity-in-Access-Use-and-Outcomes
  • Van Deursen, A., & van Dijk, J. (2014). The digital divide shifts to differences in usage. New Media & Society, 16(3), 507-526.
  • Wei, L. (2012). Number matters: The multimodality of internet use as an indicator of the digital inequalities. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 17, 303-318.
  • Wijetunga, D. (2014). The digital divide objectified in the design: Use of the mobile telephone by underprivileged youth in Sri Lanka. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19, 712-726.
  • Zickuhr, K., & Smith, A. (2012, 13 Apr.). Digital differences. Washington: Pew Internet. http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Digital_differences_041312.pdf

- ► digital literacies -




  • computational thinking
    • Deschryver, M.D., & Yadav, A. (2015). Creative and computational thinking in the context of new literacies: Working with teachers to scaffold complex technology-mediated approaches to teaching and learning. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 23(3), 411-431. [UWA Library]
    • Fluck, A., & Bower, M. (2015). Computational thinking: Philosophy and practice. In M. Henderson & G. Romeo (Eds.), Teaching and digital technologies: Big issues and critical questions. Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]


  • hypertext literacy
    • Chifari, A., Chiazzese, G., Seta, L., Merlo, G., Ottaviano, S., & Allegra, M. (2010). A reflection on some critical aspects of online reading comprehension. Informatica, 34, 491-495. [UWA Library]
    • hypertext Porush, D. (2001). MS web. In M.A. Pegrum (Ed.), The net: New apprentices and old masters [Special issue]. Mots Pluriels, 19. http://www.arts.uwa.edu.au/MotsPluriels/MP1901dpIndex2.html


  • media literacy
    • Gammon, M.A., & White, J. (2011). (Social) media literacy: Challenges and opportunities for higher education. In C. Wankel (Ed.), Educating educators with social media (pp.329-345). Bradford: Emerald Group. [UWA Library]
    • Hobbs, R.R. (2013). Discovering media literacy: Teaching digital media and popular culture in elementary school. Corwin. [UWA Library]

  • multimedia literacy [multiliteracies] [multimodality]

  • MULTIMODAL ASSESSMENT

    • Bearne, E., & Bazalgette, C. (2010). Beyond words: Developing children's response to multimodal texts. UKLA.
    • Hung, H.-T., Chiu, C.J., & Yeh, H.-C. (2013). Multimodal assessment of and for learning: A theory-driven design rubric. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(3), 400-409. [UWA Library]
    • McGahan, W., Ernst, H., & Dyson, L.E. (2016). Individual learning strategies and choice in student-generated multimedia. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 8(3), 1-18. [UWA Library]
    • O'Byrne, B., & Murrell, S. (2013). Evaluating mobile literacies in student blogs. British Journal of Educational Technology. [Early view.]

  • MULTIMODAL INSTRUCTION

    • Betrancourt, M. (2005). The animation and interactivity principles in multimedia learning. In R.E. Mayer (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of multimedia learning (pp.287-296). New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Clark, R.C., & Mayer, R.E. (2008). E-learning and the science of instruction: Proven guidelines for consumers and designers of multimedia learning (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Pfeiffer. [UWA Library]
    • Clark, R.C., Nguyen, F., & Sweller, J. (2006). Efficiency in learning: Evidence-based guidelines to manage cognitive load. San Francisco: Pfeiffer. [UWA Library]
    • Felix, V.G., et al. (2016). A pilot study of the use of emerging computer technologies to improve the effectiveness of reading and writing therapiesin children with Down syndrome. British Journal of Educational Technology [early view].
    • Guichon, N., & Cohen, C. (2016). Multimodality and CALL. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
    • Liu, T.-C., Lin, Y.-C., Gao, Y., Yeh, S.-C., & Kalyuga, S. (2015). Does the redundancy effect exist in electronic slideshow assisted lecturing? Computers & Education, 88, 303-314. [UWA Library]
    • Mayer, R.E. (Ed.). (2005). The Cambridge handbook of multimedia learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Mayer, R.E. (2009). Multimedia learning (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge UP. [UWA Library]
    • Mayer, R.E., & Moreno, R. (2003). Nine ways to reduce cognitive load in multimedia learning. Educational Pyschologist, 38(1), 43-52. [UWA Library]
    • Paivio, A. (2006). Mind and its evolution: A dual coding approach. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    • Reed, S.K. (2006). Cognitive architectures for multimedia learning. Educational Psychologist, 41(2), 87-98.
    • Riener, C., & Willingham, D. (2010, September-October). The myth of learning styles. Change: The magazine of higher learning. http://www.changemag.org/Archives/Back%20Issues/September-October%202010/the-myth-of-learning-full.html
    • Sadik, A. (2016). Students' preferences for two types of video lectures: Lecture capture vs. screencasting recordings. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 25(2), 189-208. [UWA Library]
    • Scheiter, K., & Van Gog, T. (2009). Using eye tracking in applied research to study and stimulate the processing of information from multi-representational sources. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 1209-1214. [UWA Library]
    • Sydorenko, T. (2010). Modality of input and vocabulary acquisition. Language Learning & Technology, 14(2), 50-73. http://llt.msu.edu/vol14num2/sydorenko.pdf

  • MULTIMODAL LITERACY

    • Bearne, E., & Wolstencroft, H. (2007). Visual approaches to teaching writing.London: Paul Chapman. [UWA Library]
    • Bull, G., & Anstey, M. (2010). Evolving pedagogies: Reading and writing in a multimodal world. Carlton South, VIC: Curriculum Press. [UWA Library]
    • Dyson, L.E., & Ernst, H. (2016). Guest editorial preface. Special issue on student-generated multimedia: A shift in the educational paradigm for the 21st century. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 8(3), [UWA Library]
    • ELI. (2015). 7 things you should know about ... visual literacy. http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/7-things-you-should-know-about-visual-literacy
    • Graham, M.S., & Benson, S. (2010). A springboard rather than a bridge: Diving into multimodal literacy. English Journal, 100(2), 93-97. [UWA Library]
    • Guichon, N., & Cohen, C. (2016). Multimodality and CALL. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
    • Istenic Starcic, A., Cotic, M., Solomonides, I., & Volk, M. (2016). Engaging preservice primary and preprimary school teachers in digital storytelling for the teaching and learning of mathematics. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(1), 29-50.
    • Jewitt, C. (2005). Multimodality, ‘reading’, and ‘writing’ for the 21st century. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 26(3), 315-331.
    • Jewitt, C. (2008). Multimodality and literacy in school classrooms. Review of Research in Education, 32,241-267. [UWA Library]
    • Jewitt, C. (2009). An introduction to multimodality. In C. Jewitt (Ed.), ​The Routledge handbook of multimodal analysis ​(pp.14-27). London: Routledge.
    • Jiang, L., & Luk, J. (2016). Multimodal composing as a learning activity in English classrooms: Inquiring into the sources of its motivational capacity. System, 59, 1-11. [UWA Library]
    • Kalantzis, M., & Cope, B. (2012). Literacies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Kress, G. (2003). Literacy in the new media age. London: Routledge. [UWA Library]
    • Kress, G. (2010). Multimodality: A social semiotic approach to contemporary communication. London: Routledge. [UWA Library]
    • Leu, D., et al. (2008). Research on instruction and assessment in the new literacies of online reading comprehension. In C.C. Block & S.R. Parris (Eds), Comprehension instruction: Research-based best practices (pp.321-346). New York: Guildford Press.
    • Miller, S.M., & McVee, M.B. (2012). Changing the game: Teaching for embodied learning through multimodal composing. In S.M. Miller & M.B. McVee (Eds.), Multimodal composing in classrooms: Learning and teaching for the digital world (pp.130-152). Routledge.
    • Miller, S.M., & McVee, M.B. (2012). Multimodal composing: The essential 21st century literacy. In S.M. Miller & M.B. McVee (Eds.), Multimodal composing in classrooms: Learning and teaching for the digital world (pp.1-12). Routledge.
    • Mills, K.A. (2010). Shrek meets Vygotsky: Rethinking adolescents' multimodal literacy practices in schools. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54(1), 35-45. [UWA Library]
    • NCTE (National Council of Teachers of English), [USA]. (2005, November). Position statement on multimodal literacies. http://www.ncte.org/positions/statements/multimodalliteracies
    • The New London Group (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66(1). [UWA CMO]
    • Oakley, G., Howitt, C., Garwood, R., & Durack, A.-R.. (2013). Becoming multimodal authors: Pre-service teachers’ interventions to support young children with autism. The Australian Journal of Early Childhood.
    • O'Byrne, B., & Murrell, S. (2013). Evaluating multimodal literacies in student blogs. British Journal of Educational Technology [early view]. [UWA Library]
    • Rifkin, W., Longnecker, N., Leach, J., Davis, L., & Orthia, L. (2010). Students publishing in new media: Eight hypotheses - a house of cards? International Journal of Innovation in Science and Mathematics Education, 18(1), 43-54.
    • Selfe, C. (Ed.). (2007). Multimodal composition: Resources for teachers. Cresskill: Hampton. [UWA Library]
    • Serafini, F. (2010). Reading multimodal texts: Perceptual, structural and ideological perspectives. Children's Literature in Education, 41, 85-104. [UWA Library]
    • Serafini, F. (2011). Expanding perspectives for comprehending visual images in multimodal texts. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 54(5), 342-350. [UWA Library]
    • Sun, M. (2016). Application of multimodal learning in online English teaching. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 10(4), 54-58. http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/4697
    • Takayoshi, P., & Selfe, C. (2007). Thinking about multimodality. In C. Selfe (Ed.), Multimodal composition: Resources for teachers (pp.12). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press. [UWA Library]
    • Unsworth, L. (2001). Changing dimensions of school literacies. In L. Unsworth, Teaching multiliteracies across the curriculum: Changing contexts of text and image in classroom practice (pp.7-20). Buckingham: Open University Press. http://mcgraw-hill.co.uk/openup/chapters/0335206042.pdf
    • Walsh, M. (2010). Multimodal literacy: What does it mean for classroom practice? Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 33(3), 211-239. [UWA Library]
    • Ware, P. (2008). Language learners and multimedia literacy in and after school. Pedagogies, 3,37-51.




- ► digital natives -


- ► digital storytelling -


- ► digital technologies -


- ► discussion boards -

Note that some of the references in the list below are relatively old. This is because asynchronous online discussion – formerly referred to as "computer conferencing" – was one of the first developments in e-learning. The technology has improved greatly since the 1990s, but many of the same principles still hold true. Many recent articles, however, focus on very specific aspects of online discussion and do not give an overview of the area, so older articles are sometimes more useful.

- ► e-portfolios -

  • Andrews, T., & Cole, C. (2015). Two steps forward, one step back: The intricacies of engaging with eportfolios in nursing undergraduate education. Nurse Education Today, 35, 568-572. [UWA Library]
  • blog Barrett, H. (ongoing). E-portfolios for learning. http://blog.helenbarrett.org/
  • Barrett, H.C. (2007). Researching electronic portfolios and learner engagement: The REFLECT Initiative. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 50(6), 436-439. [UWA Library]
  • Bates, T. (2012, 3 Apr). 5 video case studies of e-portfolio implementation + an implementation toolkit. Online learning and distance education resources. http://www.tonybates.ca/2012/04/03/5-video-case-studies-of-e-portfolio-implementation-an-implementation-toolkit/
  • Cambridge, D. (2010). Eportfolios for lifelong learning and assessment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. [UWA Library]
  • Cambridge, D. (2012). E-portfolios: Go big or go home. EDUCAUSE Review, 47(2). http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Review/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume47/EPortfoliosGoBigorGoHome/247699
  • Campbell, D.M., et al. (2014). Electronic portfolios. In D.M. Campbell et al, How to develop a professional portfolio: A manual for teachers (6th ed, pp.88-96.). Boston: Pearson.
  • Chang, C.-C., et al. (2014). Using e-portfolios to elevate knowledge amassment among university students. Computers & Education, 72, 187-195. [UWA Library]
  • Chang, C.-C., et al. (2015). Key successful factors of knowledge management for university students using e-portfolios: Approach of Fuzzy Delphi and Fuzzy AHP. Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 23(5), 673-681.
  • Chang, C.-C., Tseng, K.-H., Liang, C., & Chen, T.Y. (2013). Using e-portfolios to facilitate university students’ knowledgemanagement performance: E-portfolio vs. non-portfolio. Computers & Education, 69, 216-224. [UWA Library]
  • Chatham-Carpenter, A., Seawel, L., & Raschig, J. (2010). Avoiding the pitfalls: Current practices and recommendations for ePortfolios in higher education. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 38(4), 437-456. [UWA Library]
  • Chau, J., & Cheng, G. (2010). Towards understanding the potential of e-portfolios for independent learning: A qualitative study. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26(7), 932-950. [UWA Library]
  • Chen, M.-Y., Chang, F.M.-T., Chen, C.-C., Huang, M.-J., & Chen, J.-W. (2012). Why do individuals use e-portfolios? Educational Technology & Society, 15(4), 114-125.
  • Prezi Couros, G. (2010). E-portfolio vision. http://georgecouros.ca/blog/archives/1419
  • DiMarco, J. (2006). Introduction to the web portfolio. In J. DiMarco, Web portfolio design and applications (pp.1-31). Hershey, PA: Idea Group. [UWA CMO]
  • Education.au. (2008). National e-portfolio symposium. Education.au. http://www.educationau.edu.au/2008-national-e-portfolio-symposium
  • Eynon, B., Gambino, L., & Török, J. (2014). Completion, quality, and change: The difference e-portfolios make. Peer Review, 16(1). https://www.aacu.org/publications-research/periodicals/completion-quality-and-change-difference-e-portfolios-make
  • Hallam, G., & Creagh, T. (2010). ePortfolio use by students in Australia: A review of the Australian ePortfolio project. Higher Education Research & Development, 29(2), 179-193. [UWA Library]
  • Hartnell-Young, E., & Morriss, M. (2007). Digital portfolios: Powerful tools for promoting professional growth and reflection. Thousand Oaks: Corwin. [UWA Library]
  • Haverkamp, J.J., & Vogt, M. (2015). Beyond academic evidence: Innovative uses of technology within e-portfolios in a Doctor of Nursing Practice program. Journal of Professional Nursing, 31(4), 284-289. [UWA Library]
  • Hunt, L., Huijser, H., & Sankey, M. (2012). Learning spaces for the digital age: Blending space with pedagogy. In M. Keppell, K. Souter & M. Riddle (Eds.), Physical and virtual learning spaces in higher education: Concepts for the modern learning environment (pp.182-197). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
  • Jafari, A., & Kaufman, C. (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of research on ePortfolios. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference. [UWA Library]
  • Johnson, R., Mims-Cox, J., & Doyle-Nichols, A. (2010). Developing portfolios in education: A guide to reflection, inquiry, and assessment. Sage: Los Angeles. [UWA Library]
  • JISC (2008). Effective practice with e-portfolios: Supporting 21st century learning. Bristol: JISC. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/effectivepracticeeportfolios.pdf
  • Lim, C.P., & Lee, J. C.-K. (2014). Teaching e-portfolios and the development of professional learning communities (PLCs) in higher education institutions. Internet and Higher Education, 20, 57-59.
  • Lorenzo, G., & Ittelson, J. (2005). An overview of e-portfolios. Educause. http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI3001.pdf
  • Martin, E. (2013). Helping community college students “connect the dots” of their college experience with e-portfolios. Peer Review, 15(2). https://www.aacu.org/publications-research/periodicals/helping-community-college-students-connect-dots-their-college
  • Oakley, G., Pegrum, M., & Johnston, S. (2014). Introducing e-portfolios to pre-service teachers as tools for reflection and growth: Lessons learnt. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 42(1), 36-50. [UWA Library]
  • Pegrum, M. (ongoing). E-portfolios. E-language wiki. http://e-language.wikispaces.com/e-portfolios
  • Rafeldt, L.A., Bader, H.J., Lesnick Czarzasty, N., Freeman, E., Ouellet, E., & Snayd, J.M. (2014). Reflection builds twenty-first-century professionals. Peer Review, 16(1). https://www.aacu.org/peerreview/2014/winter/reflection-builds-twenty-first-century-professionals
  • Samaras, A.P., & Fox, R.K. (2013). Capturing the process of critical reflective teaching practices through e-portfolios. Professional Development in Education, 39(1), 23-41. [UWA Library]
  • Sanjakdar, F. (Ed.). (2009). Digital portfolios: Reconceptualising inquiry in pre-service teacher education. Frenchs Forest: Pearson. [UWA Library]
  • Shelly, G.B., Gunter, G.A., & Gunter, R.E. (2010). Creating a professional teaching portfolio. In G.B. Shelly, G.A. Gunter & R.E. Gunter, Integrating technology and digital media in the classroom (6th ed., pp.526-531). [UWA CMO]
  • Shroff, R., & Linger, W. (2015). Using mobile devices/smartphones to generate creative e-portfolio content. In D. Churchill, T.K.F. Chiu & N.J. Gu (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Mobile Learning Festival 2015: Mobile Learning, MOOCs and 21st Century Learning (pp.229-240). Hong Kong: IMLF.
  • Shroff, R., Trent, J., & Ng, E.M.W. (2013). Using e-portfolios in a field experience placement: Examining student-teachers' attitudes towards learning in relationship to personal value, control and responsibility. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 2013, 29(2), 143-160. http://ajet.org.au/index.php/AJET/article/viewFile/51/48
  • Simatele, M. (2014). Enhancing the portability of employability skills using e-portfolios. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 39(6), 862-874.
  • Solomon, G., & Schrum, L. (2007). Authentic assessment with electronic portfolios using common software and web 2.0 tools. In G. Solomon & L. Schrum, Web 2.0: New tools, new schools (pp.171-175). Eugene: ISTE. [UWA CMO]
  • Stefani, L., Mason, R., & Pegler, C. (2007). The educational potential of e-portfolios: Supporting personal development and reflective learning. Abingdon: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Sung, Y.-T., Chang, K.-E., Yu, W.-C., & Chang, T.-H. (2009). Supporting teachers' reflection and learning through structured digital teaching portfolios. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25(4), 375-385. [UWA Library]
  • Trevitt, C., Macduff, A., & Steed, A. (2014). [e]portfolios for learning and as evidence of achievement: Scoping the academic practice development agenda ahead. Internet and Higher Education, 20, 69-78. [UWA Library]
  • Tur, G., & Marín, V.I. (2015). Exploring student students’ [sic] attitudes and beliefs towards e-portfolios and technology in education. Enseñanza & Teaching, 33(1), pp.57-82. [UWA Library]
  • Winberg, C., & Pallitt, N. (2016). “I am trying to practice good teaching”: Reconceptualizing eportfolios for professional development in vocational highereducation. British Journal of Educational Technology [early view]. [UWA Library]
  • Yang, M., Tai, M., & Lim, C.P. (2015). The role of e-portfolios in supporting productive learning. British Journal of Educational Technology [early view]. [UWA Library]

- ► e-waste -


- ► flipped classrooms -


- ► folksonomies [bookmarking] [tagging] -


- ► gaming [gamification] -


- ► health [mental health] -



- ► information management [librarianship] -


- ► instant messaging [chat] -

  • Bradley, P. (2007). Using instant messaging. In P. Bradley, How to use web 2.0 in your library (pp.133-149). London: Facet. [UWA CMO]
  • Dawley, L. (2007). Chat and instant messaging. In L. Dawley, The tools for successful online teaching (pp.121-143). Hershey: Information Science. [UWA CMO]
  • Farmer, R. (2005). Instant messaging: IM online! R U? EDUCAUSE Review, Nov./Dec., 49-62. http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERM0562.pdf
  • Jacobs, G.E. (2008). People, purposes, and practices: Insights from cross-disciplinary research into instant messaging. In J. Coiro et al (Eds.), Handbook of research on new literacies (pp.467-490). New York: Lawrence Erlbaum. [UWA Library]
  • wiki Pegrum, M. (ongoing). IM. E-language wiki. http://e-language.wikispaces.com/im

- ► learning analytics [big data] -


- ► learning spaces -


- ► machinima -


- ► microblogging [Twitter]-


- ► m-learning [u-learning]-


- ► MOOCs -


- ► multitasking -


- ► normalisation -

  • Bax, S. (2003). CALL - Past, present and future. System, 31, 13-28. [UWA CMO]
  • Bax, S. (2011). Normalisation revisited: The effective use of technology in language education. International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching, 1(2), 1-15.
  • Chambers, A., & Bax, S. (2006). Making CALL work: Towards normalisation. System, 34, 465-479. [UWA CMO]

- ► online pedagogy -

  • Anagnostopoulos, D., Basmadjian, K.G., McCrory, R.S. (2005). The decentred teacher and the construction of social space in the virtual classroom. Teachers College Record, 107(8), 1699-1729. [UWA CMO]
  • Anderson, T. (Ed.). (2008). The theory and practice of online learning. AU Press. [free download] http://www.aupress.ca/index.php/books/120146
  • Benbunan-Fich, R., Hiltz, S.R., & Harasim, L. (2005). The online interaction learning model: An integrated theoretical framework for learning networks. In S.R. Hiltz & R. Goldman (Eds.), Learning together online: Research on asynchronous learning networks (pp.19-37). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. [UWA CMO]
  • Boss, S., Krauss, J., & Conery, L. (2008). Reinventing project-based learning: Your field guide to real-world projects in the digital age. International Society for Technology in Education. [UWA Library]
  • Churchill, D. (2006). Teachers’ private theories and their design of technology-based learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 37(4), 559-576.
  • YouTube COFA. (ongoing). Learning to teach online. http://www.youtube.com/user/COFAonlineUNSW?feature=mhum
  • ## Concept to Classroom. (2004). Constructivism as a paradigm for teaching and learning. Educational Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism/index.html
  • Dawley, L. (2007). The tools for successful online teaching. Hershey: Information Science. [UWA Library]
  • Garrison, D.R., & Anderson, T. (2011). Community of inquiry. In E-learning in the 21st century: A framework for research and practice (2nd ed., pp.19-29). New York: Routledge. [UWA CMO]
  • Glover, I., Hepplestone, S., Parkin, H.J., Rodger, H., & Irwin, B. (2016). Pedagogy first: Realising technology enhanced learning by focusing on teaching practice. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(5), 993-1002. [UWA Library]
  • Haelermans, C., Ghysels, J., & Prince, F. (2014). Increasing performance by differentiated teaching? Experimental evidence of the student benefits of digital differentiation. British Journal of Educational Technology [Early view].
  • Hauck, M., & Stickler, U. (2006). What does it take to teach online? CALICO Journal, 23(3), 463-475. [UWA CMO]
  • JISC. (2009). Effective practice in a digital age: A guide to technology-enhanced learning and teaching. HEFCE. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/effectivepracticedigitalage.pdf
  • Laurillard, D. (2002). Rethinking university teaching: A conversational framework for the effective use of learning technologies (2nd ed.). London: RoutledgeFalmer. [UWA Library]
  • Laurillard, D. (2012). Teaching as design science: Building pedagogical patterns for learning and technology. New York: Routledge.
  • ## Leigh Bassendowski, S., & Petrucka, P. (2013). Are 20th-century methods of teaching applicable in the 21st century? British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(4), 665-667. [UWA Library]
  • Mason, R., & Rennie, F. (2006). Introduction. In R. Mason & F. Rennie, Elearning: The key concepts (pp.xiii-xxxviii). London: Routledge. [UWA CMO]
  • Monke, L. (2001). The web and the plow. In R.W. Burniske & L. Monke, Breaking down digital walls: Learning to teach in a post-modem world (pp.18-29). Albany: State University of New York Press. [UWA CMO]
  • blog Muir, M. (2006). Do something disruptive. http://everyonelearns.blogspot.com/2006/04/do-something-disruptive.html
  • ## blog Nielsen, L. (2010). 5 ways to build your 1.0 and 2.0 personal learning network. The Innovative Educator, 1 Aug.
    http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/2010/08/5-ways-to-build-your-10-and-20-personal.html
  • Paiva, J., Morais, C., Costa, L., & Pinheiro, A. (2016). The shift from 'e-learning' to 'learning': Invisible technology and the dropping of the 'e'. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(2), 226-238. [UWA Library]
  • podcast Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2010). The excellent online instructor. Jossey-Bass Online teaching and learning. http://www.onlineteachingandlearning.com/podcast-palloff-pratt/
  • Redecker, C., et al. (2011). The future of learning: Preparing for change. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. http://ftp.jrc.es/EURdoc/JRC66836.pdf
  • Richardson, W. (2012). Why school? New York: TED.
  • ## Roblyer, M.D., & Doering, A.H. (2010). [Excerpt from] Theory and practice: Foundations for effective technology integration. In Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching (pp.33-44). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. [UWA CMO]
  • Salmon, G. (2011). E-moderating: The key to teaching and learning online (3rd ed.). London: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Salmon, G. (2013). E-tivities: The key to active online learning (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Savin-Baden, M. (2008). A practical guide to problem-based learning online. Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Shank, P. (2007). The online learning idea book: 95 proven ways to enhance technology-based and blended learning. San Francisco: Pfeiffer. [UWA Library]
  • Shelly, G.B., Gunter, G.A., & Gunter, R.E. (2010). Learning theories and educational research. In G.B. Shelly, G.A. Gunter & R.E. Gunter, Integrating technology and digital media in the classroom (6th ed., pp.367-390). [UWA CMO]
  • Shraim, K. (2014). Pedagogical innovation within Facebook: A case study in tertiary education in Palestine. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Education, 9(8), 25-31. http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/3805
  • Siemens, G. & Tittenberger, P. (2009). Handbook of emerging technologies for learning. http://umanitoba.ca/learning_technologies/cetl/HETL.pdf
  • Spector, J.M. (Ed.). (2007). Finding your online voice: Stories told by experienced online educators. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. [UWA Library]
  • Swan, K. (2003). Learning effectiveness: What the research tells us. In J. Bourne & J. Moore (Eds.), Elements of quality online education: Practice and direction (pp.13-45). Needham: Sloan. [UWA CMO]
  • Toetenel, L., & Rienties, B. (2016). Analysing 157 learning designs using learning analytic approaches as a means to evaluate the impact of pedagogical decision making. British Journal of Educational Technology [early view]. [UWA Library]
  • Vartiainen, H. (2014). Designing participatory learning. In P. Kommers, T. Issa, T. Issa, D.-F. Chang & P. Isaías (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conferences on Educational Technologies (ICEduTech 2014) and Sustainability, Technology and Education 2014 (STE 2014), New Taipei City, Taiwan, 10-12 December (pp.105-112). IADIS Press.
  • YouTube Veritasium. (2014). This will revolutionize education. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEmuEWjHr5c
  • Weigel, V.B. (2002). Beyond the virtual classroom. In V.B. Weigel, Deep learning for a digital age (pp.1-29). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. [pp.1-15 only] [UWA CMO]
  • Wenger-Trayner, E. (n.d.). Communities of practice: A brief introduction. EB Wenger-Trayner. http://wenger-trayner.com/theory/

- ► open educational resources -


- ► plagiarism -


- ► PLEs -


- ► PLNs -


- ► podcasting [iTunes]-

References on podcasting: See M-learning references

- ► PowerPoint -

  • Daniel, D.B. (2011). Practical PowerPoint: Promising principles for developing individual practice. In D.S. Dunn, J.H. Wilson, J.E. Freeman & J.R. Stowell (Eds.), Best practices for technology-enhanced teaching and learning (pp.87-104). New York: Oxford UP. [UWA Library]

- ► privacy -


- ► reputation -

- ► research -
  • Bulfin, S., Henderson, M., Johnson, N.F., & Selwyn, N. (2014). Methodological capacity wihtin the field of 'educational technology' research: An initial investigation. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(3), 403-414. [UWA Library]
  • Greenhow, C., & Gleason, B. (2014). Social scholarship: Reconsidering scholarly practices in the age of social media. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(3), 392-402. [UWA Library]
  • Phillips, R., McNaught, C., & Kennedy, G. (2012). Evaluating e-learning: Guiding research and practice. New York: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • West, R.E., & Borup, J. (2013). An analysis of a decade of research in 10 instructional design and technology journals. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(4), 545-556. [UWA Library]

- ► RSS -


- ► safety -


- ► search -


- ► social media

  • Business Insider Intelligence. (2015, Jun. 1). The social media demographics report 2015: Differences in age, gender, and income at the top platforms.
    http://www.businessinsider.com.au/update-a-breakdown-of-the-demographics-for-each-of-the-different-social-networks-2015-6
  • Dron, J., & Anderson, T. (2015). Learning and teaching with social media. In Kinshuk & R. Huang (Eds.), Ubiquitous learning environments and technologies (pp.15-29). Berlin: Springer. [UWA Library]
  • website The Education Foundation. (ongoing). Edusocial.info. http://www.edusocial.info/
  • Joosten, T. (2012). Social media for educators: Strategies and best practices. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Nussbaum-Beach, S. (2012). Social media is changing the way we live and learn. In S. McLeod & C. Lehmann (Eds.), What school leaders need to know about digital technologies and social media. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Poore, M. (2013). Using social media in the classroom: A best practice guide. London: Sage.

- ► social networking-

  • general
    • Batsila, M., Tsihouridis, C., & Vavougios, D. (2014). Entering the web-2 Edmodo world to support learning: Tracing teachers' opinion after using it in their classes. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 9(1). http://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/3018
    • Berube, L. (2009). Do you web 2.0? Social networking and library services. Chandos. [UWA Library]
    • podcast boyd, d. (2007). Generation MySpace: Social networking and its impact on students and education. Education.au. http://www.educationau.edu.au/2007-generation-myspace
    • boyd, d. (2008). Why youth [heart] social network sites: The role of networked publics in teenage social life. In D. Buckingham (Ed.), Youth, identity, and digital media (pp.119-142). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID1518924_code727672.pdf?abstractid=1518924&mirid=1
    • boyd, d. (2014). It's complicated: The social lives of networked teens. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [UWA Library]
    • boyd, d., & Ellison, N.B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. JCMC, 13(1). http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/boyd.ellison.html
    • British Journal of Educational Technology. (2012). Special issue on Social Networking and Mobile Learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(5). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bjet.2012.43.issue-5/issuetoc
    • Brown, D. (2013). Our virtual shadow: Why we are obsessed with documenting our lives online. New York: TED.
    • Chan, M. (2015). Multimodal connectedness and quality of life: Examining the influences of technology adoption and interpersonal communicaiton on well-being across the life span. JCMC, 20, 3-18. [UWA Library]
    • Chang, C., Liang, J., & Leung, L. (2015). Social network service use on mobile devices: An examination of gratifications, civic attitudes and civic engagement in China. New Media & Society, 17(7), 1096-1116. [UWA Library]
    • Collin, P., Rahilly, K., Richardson, I., & Third, A. (2011). The benefits of social networking services. YAW-CRC. http://www.fya.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/The-Benefits-of-Social-Networking-Services.pdf
    • Digizen. (n.d.) Social networking. http://www.digizen.org/socialnetworking/
    • Dunbar, R.I.M. (2016, Jan. 20). Do online social media cut through the constraints that limit the size of offline social networks? Royal Society Open Science. http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/3/1/150292
    • EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative. (2008). 7 things you should know about Ning. EDUCAUSE. http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7036.pdf
    • Ellison, N., & boyd, d. (2013). Sociality through social network sites. In W.H. Dutton, The Oxford handbook of internet studies (pp.151-172). Oxford: OUP. [UWA Library]
    • Ellison, N.B., Lampe, C., Steinfield, C., & Vitak, J. (2010). With a little help from my friends: How social network sites affect social capital processes. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), A networked self: Identity, community, and culture on social network sites (pp.124-145). New York: Routledge. [UWA CMO]
    • Engdahl, S.L. (2007). Online social networking. Greenhaven Press. [UWA Library]
    • Fuchs, C., & Snyder, B. (2013). It's not just the tool: Pedagogy for promoting collaboration and community in social networking in CMC. In M. Lamy & K. Zourou (Eds.), Social networking for language education (pp.117-134). London: Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
    • Hagel, J., Seely Brown, J., & Davison, L. (2010). Introduction. In J. Hagel, J. Seely Brown & L. Davison, The power of pull: How small moves, smartly made, can set big things in motion (pp.1-29). New York: Perseus. [UWA CMO]
    • Knobel, M., & Lankshear, C. (2008). Digital literacy and participation in online social networking spaces. In C. Lankshear & M. Knobel (Eds.), Digital literacies: Concepts, policies and practices (pp.249-278). New York: Peter Lang. [UWA CMO]
    • Kohut, A., Wike, R., Menasce Horowitz, J., Simmons, K., Poushter, J., Barker, C., Bell, J., et al. (2012, December 12). Social networking popular across globe. Washington: Pew Internet. http://www.pewglobal.org/2012/12/12/social-networking-popular-across-globe/
    • Lamy, M.-N., & Zourou, K. (Eds.). (2013). Social networking for language education. London: Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
    • video Lefever, L. (2007). Social networking in plain English. Common Craft. http://www.commoncraft.com/video-social-networking
    • Lomicka, L., & Lord, G. (2016). Social networking and language learning. In F. Farr & L. Murray (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology. Florence: Taylor & Francis. [UWA Library]
    • Lüders, M. (2010). Why and how online sociability became part and parcel of teenage life. In M. Consalvo & C. Ess (Eds.), The handbook of internet studies (pp.452-469). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    • Martínez Alemán, A., & Lynk Wartman, K. (2008). Online social networking on campus. Routledge. [UWA Library]
    • Marwick, A.E., & boyd, d. (2014). Networked privacy: How teenagers negotiate context in social media. New Media & Society, 16(7), 1051-1067. [UWA Library]
    • Mason, R., & Rennie, F. (2008). E-Learning and social networking handbook. Routledge. [UWA Library]
    • McFarland, M. (2014, Jan. 4). Me? Bragging? Social media risk dying of awesomeness. The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/comment/me-bragging-social-media-risk-dying-of-awesomeness-20140103-309jf.html
    • blog Mitchell, J. (2012). How Google search really works [Interview with Ben Gomes]. RWW, 29 Feb. http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/interview_changing_engines_mid-flight_qa_with_goog.php
    • Merchant, G. (2010). View my profile(s). In D.E. Alvermann (Ed.), Adolescents' online literacies: Connecting classrooms, digital media, and popular culture (pp.51-69). New York: Peter Lang. [UWA CMO]
    • slides PeopleBrowsr. (2011). A brief cartoon history of social networking 1930-2011. Slideshare. http://www.slideshare.net/peoplebrowsr/a-brief-cartoon-history-of-social-networking-19302011
    • wiki Pegrum, M. (ongoing). Social networking. E-language wiki. http://e-language.wikispaces.com/social-networking
    • Rainie, L. (2012, August 22). Networked learners. Presentation at The Free Learning 2.0 Conference.http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2012/Aug/Networked-Learners.aspx
    • Rainie, L., & Smith, A. (2012, September 4). Politics on social networking sites. Washington: Pew Internet. http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Politics-on-SNS.aspx
    • Reinhardt, J., & Chen, H.-I. (2013). An ecological analysis of social networking-site mediated identity development. In M. Lamy & K. Zourou (Eds.), Social networking for language education (pp.11-30). London: Palgrave Macmillan. [UWA Library]
    • Uski, S., & Lampinen, A. (2016). Social norms and self-presentation on social network sites: Profile work in action. New Media & Society, 18(3), 447-464. [UWA Library]
    • Zickuhr, K. (2012, October 18). Mobile is the needle; social is the thread. Presentation at Comm Week 2012, Elliott School of Communications, Wichita State University. http://pewinternet.org/Presentations/2012/Oct/WSU.aspx


- ► social sharing -




- ► sociopolitical issues -

  • ## Barber, M., Donnelly, K., & Rizvi, S. (2013). An avalanche is coming: Higher education and the revolution ahead.http://www.ippr.org/images/media/files/publication/2013/04/avalanche-is-coming_Mar2013_10432.pdf
  • Barney, D. (2007). The question of education in technological society. In J. Lockard & M. Pegrum (Eds.), Brave new classrooms: Democratic education and the Internet (pp.271-284). New York: Peter Lang. [UWA Library]
  • Baym, N. (2010). Personal connections in the digital age. Cambridge: Polity. [UWA Library]
  • Benkler, Y. (2006). Introduction: A moment of opportunity and challenge. In Y. Benkler, The wealth of networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom (pp.1-28). New Haven: Yale UP. [UWA CMO]
  • Benkler, Y. (2011). The penguin vs. the leviathan. In Y. Benkler, The penguin and the leviathan: The triumph of cooperation over self-interest (pp.1-28). New York: Crown Business.
  • Benkler, Y., & Sunstein, C. (2008). Our world digitized: The good, the bad and the ugly. MIT Center for Future Civic Media. http://web.mit.edu/comm-forum/forums/our_world_digitized.html
  • Bilton, N. (2010). I live in the future and here’s how it works: Why your world, work, and brain are being creatively disrupted. New York: Crown Business. [UWA Library]
  • #1 boyd, d. (2008). Why youth [heart] social network sites: The role of networked publics in teenage social life. In D. Buckingham (Ed.), Youth, identity, and digital media (pp.119-142). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID1518924_code727672.pdf?abstractid=1518924&mirid=1
  • boyd, d. (2009). Living and Learning with Social Media, paper presented at Penn State Symposium for Teaching and Learning with Technology, State College, Pennsylvania, 18 Apr. http://www.danah.org/papers/talks/PennState2009.html
  • YouTube boyd, d. (2009). The not-so-hidden politics of class online. Personal Democracy Forum. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qGL09x76MGQ
  • Broadband Commission Working Group on Broadband and Gender. (2013). Doubling digital opportunities: Enhancing the inclusion of women and girls in the information society. ITU/UNESCO. http://www.broadbandcommission.org/Documents/working-groups/bb-doubling-digital-2013.pdf
  • Buchanan, R. (2011). Paradox, promise and public pedagogy: Implications of the Federal Government's Digital Education Revolution. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 36(2): 67-78. http://ro.ecu.edu.au/ajte/vol36/iss2/6/
  • Carr, N. (2008). The big switch: Rewiring the world, from Edison to Google. New York: W.W. Norton. [UWA Library]
  • Carr, N. (2015). The glass cage: Where automation is taking us. London: The Bodley Head. [UWA Library]
  • blog Carr, N. (2012, May 4). The economics of digital sharecropping. Rough Type. http://www.roughtype.com/archives/2012/05/the_economics_o_1.php
  • Carr, N. (2013). All can be lost: The risk of putting our knowledge in the hands of machines. The Atlantic, November. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/11/the-great-forgetting/309516/
  • Castells, M. (2012). Networks of outrage and hope: Social movements in the internet age. Cambridge: Polity. [UWA Library]
  • Castells, M. (2013). Communication power (2nd ed.). Oxford: OUP.
  • Chatfield, T. (2012). How to thrive in the digital age. London: Pan Macmillan. [UWA Library]
  • Collin, R., & Apple, M.W. (2009). New literacies and new rebellions in the global age. In M.W. Apple (Ed.), Global crises, social justice, and education (pp.25-60). Hoboken: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Dutton, W.H. (2013). ​The Oxford handbook of internet studies.​ Oxford: OUP.
  • iPad application Eagleman, D. (2010). Why the net matters: How the internet will save civilization. Canongate. [UWA Library]
  • blog Evans, J. (2011). The end of history, part ii. TechCrunch. http://techcrunch.com/2011/02/13/the-end-of-history-part-ii/
  • Fabos, B. (2004). Visions of a better internet. In Wrong turn on the information superhighway: Education and the commercialization of the Internet (pp.137-160). New York: Teachers' College Press. [UWA CMO]
  • Gee, J.P. (2013). The anti-education era: Creating smarter students through digital learning. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Ghonim, W. (2012). Revolution 2.0: The power of the people is greater than the people in power. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  • Goldstein, G.M. (2014). The end of the internet? The Atlantic, Jul./Aug. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/07/the-end-of-the-internet/372301/
  • Goodfellow, R. (2007). From ‘equal access’ to ‘widening participation’: The discourse of equity in the age of e-learning. In J. Lockard & M. Pegrum (Eds.), Brave new classrooms: Democratic education and the Internet (pp.55-74). New York: Peter Lang. [UWA Library]
  • Harris, M. (2014). The end of absence: Reclaiming what we've lost in a world of constant connection. New York: Current. [UWA Library]
  • Jarvis, J. (2009). What would Google do? Collins Business. [UWA Library]
  • Jenkins, H. (2004). Photoshop for democracy. Technology Review, 4 June. http://www.technologyreview.com/Biotech/13648/?a=f
  • Keen, A. (2015). The internet is not the answer. London: Atlantic Books. [UWA Library]
  • Lessig, L. (2006). Code is law. In L. Lessig, Code version 2.0 (pp.1-8). New York: Basic Books. [UWA CMO]
  • Levy, M. (2013). Review of ‘Learning in the cloud: How (and why) to transform schools with digital media’. Language Learning & Technology, 17(1), 64-68. http://llt.msu.edu/issues/february2013/review4.pdf
  • Marche, S. (2015, Feb. 14). The epidemic of facelessness. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/15/opinion/sunday/the-epidemic-of-facelessness.html
  • Marwick, A.E. (2013). Status update: Celebrity, publicity, and branding in the social media age. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [UWA Library]
  • Morozov, E. (2013). To save everything, click here: Technology, solutionism and the urge to fix problems that don't exist. London: Penguin.
  • Moyle, K. (2010). Building innovation: Learning with technologies. Camberwell, VIC: ACER Press. http://research.acer.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=aer
  • Nodin, N., et al. (2014). Sexual use of the internet: Perceived impact on MSMs' views of self and others. New Media & Society, 16(5), 719-736. http://nms.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/06/05/1461444813489508.abstract
  • Noveck, B.S. (2009). Wiki government: How technology can make government better, democracy stronger, and citizens more powerful. Brookings Institution Press. [UWA Library]
  • #2 blog Pesce, M. (2008). This, that and the other. The Human Network, 27 Sep. http://blog.futurestreetconsulting.com/?p=76
  • #3 Pegrum, M. (2009). Many lenses. In M. Pegrum, From blogs to bombs: The future of digital technologies in education (pp.1-13). Crawley, WA: UWA Publishing. [UWA CMO]
  • Rheingold, H. (2002). How to recognize the future when it lands on you. In H. Rheingold, Smart mobs: The next social revolution (pp.xi-xxii). Cambridge, MA: Basic Books. [UWA CMO]
  • Rheingold, H. (2008). Smartmobbing democracy. In A. Fine, M.L. Sifry, A. Rasiej, & J. Levy (Eds.), Rebooting America: Ideas for redesigning American democracy for the internet age. http://rebooting.personaldemocracy.com/node/5484
  • Rigby, B., & Rock the Vote. (2008). Mobilizing generation 2.0: A practical guide to using web2.0 technologies to recruit, organize and engage youth. Jossey-Bass. [UWA Library]
  • Rushkoff, D. (2013). Present shock: When everything happens now. New York: Penguin.
  • Scherer, M. (2013, June 24). The geeks who leak. Time. http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2145506,00.html
  • Selwyn, N. (2013). Education in a digital world: Global perspectives on technology and education. New York: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Selwyn, N. (2014). Digital technology and the contemporary university: Degrees of digitization. SRHE. London: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Selwyn, N. (2014). Distrusting educational technology: Critical questions for changing times. New York: Routledge. [UWA Library]
  • Selwyn, N. (2015). Never believe the hype: Questioning digital 'disruption' and other big ideas. In M. Henderson & G. Romeo (Eds.), Teaching and digital technologies: Big issues and critical questions. Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press. [UWA Library]
  • TED video Shirky, C. (2005). Institutions vs collaboration. TED Talks. http://www.ted.com/index.php/talks/clay_shirky_on_institutions_versus_collaboration.html
  • Shifman, L., Levy, H., & Thelwall, M. (2014). Internet jokes: The secret agents of globalization? Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19(4), 727-743. [UWA Library]
  • Shirky, C. (2008). Sharing anchors community. In C. Shirky, Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations (pp.25-54). Camberwell, Vic.: Allen Lane. [UWA CMO]
  • Stalder, F. (2008). Bourgeois anarchism and authoritarian democracies. First Monday, 13(7). http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2077
  • Vaidhyanathan, S. (2011). Introduction: The gospel of Google. In S. Vaidhyanathan, The googlization of everything (and why we should worry). Berkeley: University of California Press. [UWA CMO]
  • Zittrain, J. (2008). The future of the internet - and how to stop it. Yale UP. [UWA Library]
  • TED video Zittrain, J. (2009). The web as random acts of kindness. TED Talks. http://www.ted.com/talks/jonathan_zittrain_the_web_is_a_random_act_of_kindness.html
  • Zuckerman, E. (2013). Rewire: Digital cosmopolitans in the age of connection. New York: W.W. Norton.
  • Zuckerman, E. (2014). New media, new civics? Policy and Internet, 6(2), 151-168. [UWA Library]

- ► surveillance [censorship] -


- ► TPACK & SAMR -

  • Blackwell, C.K., Lauricella, A.R., & Wartella, E. (2016). The influence of TPACK contextual factors on early childhood educators' tablet computer use. Computers & Education, 98, 57-69. [UWA Library]
  • Brantley-Dias, L., & Ertmer, P. (2013). Goldilocks and TPACK: Is the construct “just right?” Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 46(2), 103-128. [UWA Library]
  • Video Common Sense Media. (2014). Introduction to the SAMR model. https://www.commonsensemedia.org/videos/introduction-to-the-samr-model
  • Common Sense Media. (2015). Rethinking lesson activities with the SAMR model.https://www.graphite.org/users/kelly-mendoza/boards/rethinking-lesson-activities-with-the-samr-model
  • Drummond, A., & Sweeney, T. (2016). Can an objective measure of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) supplement existing TPACK measures? British Journal of Educational Technology [early view]. [UWA Library]
  • Istenic Starcic, A., Cotic, M., Solomonides, I., & Volk, M. (2016). Engaging preservice primary and preprimary school teachers in digital storytelling for the teaching and learning of mathematics. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(1), 29-50.
  • Kavanoz, S., GülruYüksel, H., & Özcan, E. (2015). Pre-service teachers' self-efficacy perceptions on Web Pedagogical Content Knowledge. Computers & Education, 85, 94-101. [UWA Library]
  • Kimmons, R. (2015). Examining TPACK's theoretical future. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 23(1), 53-77. [UWA Library]
  • Koehler, M.J. (n.d.). TPACK – Technological pedagogical and content knowledge. http://www.tpck.org/
  • Koehler, M.J., & Mishra, P. (2008). Introducing TPCK. In AACTE Committee on Innovation and Technology (Ed.), Handbook of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) for educators (pp.3-29). New York: Routledge. [UWA CMO]
  • Vimeo Mishra, P. (2013). TEI Intro to TPACK. http://vimeo.com/71520305
  • Puentedura, R.R. (2011, December 8). A brief introduction to TPCK and SAMR: Workshop slides. Ruben R. Puentedura’s weblog. http://www.hippasus.com/rrpweblog/archives/2011/12/08/BriefIntroTPCKSAMR.pdf
  • Puentedura, R. (2012, September 14). Building upon SAMR. Presentation at Presbyterian Ladies’ College, Perth. [Overview by M. Pegrum at:
    http://elanguage.edublogs.org/2012/09/15/building-upon-samr-ruben-puentedura/.]
  • Puentedura, R. (2014). SAMR and Bloom's Taxonomy: Assembling the puzzle. Common Sense Graphite.
    https://www.graphite.org/blog/samr-and-blooms-taxonomy-assembling-the-puzzle
  • Sanchez, H.S., & Borg, S. (2014). Insights into L2 teachers' pedagogical content knowledge: A cognitive perspective on their grammar explanations. System, 44, 45-53. [UWA Library]

- ► textspeak [netspeak] -


- ► video [vodcasting] -


- ► virtual worlds -


- ► VLEs [LMSs] -


- ► VoIP -


- ► web 1.0 -

Note that there are very few references available which focus exclusively on web 1.0, as the term was created retrospectively after the advent of web 2.0. You might like to consult the references in the following section which compare web 1.0 and web 2.0. Web 1.0 is generally considered to have more limited educational applications than web 2.0.

- ► web 2.0 -


- ► web 3.0 -


- ► web meets world [augmented reality] [internet of things] -

References on web meets world/augmented reality/internet of things: See M-learning references

- ► Wikipedia -

- ► wikis -

  • Bruns, A., & Humphreys, S. (2005). Wikis in teaching and assessment: The M/Cyclopedia project. Paper presented at International Wiki Symposium, 16-18 Oct., San Diego. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/2289/
  • EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative. (2005). 7 things you should know about wikis. EDUCAUSE. http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7004.pdf
  • Glaser, M. (2006). Digging deeper: Your guide to wikis. MediaShift. http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2006/11/digging_deeperyour_guide_to_wi.html
  • Green, T.D., Brown, A., & Robinson, L. (2008). Making the most of the web in your classroom: A teacher’s guide to blogs, podcasts, wikis, pages, and sites. Thousand Oaks: Corwin. [UWA Library]
  • Lamb, B. (2004). Wide open spaces: Wikis, ready or not. EDUCAUSE Review, 39, 36-48. http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0452.pdf
  • video Lefever, L. (2007). Wikis in plain English. Common Craft. http://www.commoncraft.com/video-wikis-plain-english
  • Mader, S. (2008). Inspirational bull . In S. Mader, Wikipatterns: A practical guide to improving productivity and collaboration in your organization (pp.121-126). Indianapolis: Wiley. [UWA CMO]
  • Mitchell, P. (2006). Wikis in education. In J. Klobas, Wikis: Tools for information, work and collaboration (pp.119-147). [With contributions from A. Beesley et al.] Oxford: Chandos. [UWA CMO]
  • Richardson, W. (2008). Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful web tools for classrooms. Thousand Oaks: Corwin. [UWA Library]
  • Ruth, A., & Houghton, L. (2009). The wiki way of learning. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 25(2), 135-152. [UWA Library]
  • Tomei, J., & Lavin, R.S. (2007). Avoiding the bleeding edge of wikis. Essential Teacher, 4(2), 26-29. [UWA CMO]
  • wiki Pegrum, M. (ongoing). Wikis. E-language wiki. http://e-language.wikispaces.com/wikis
  • Valcarcel Craig, D. (2013). Content creators and language learners: Exploring web 2.0 and wikis. JEO, 10(2). http://www.thejeo.com/Archives/Volume10Number2/ValcarcelCraig.pdf
  • West, J.A., & West, M.L. Using wikis for online collaboration: The power of the read-write web. Jossey-Bass. [UWA Library]
  • wiki Wikipedia. (ongoing). Wiki. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki

- ► youth [young learners] -




Credits: The visual menus in word cloud format were created with Tagul.

Contact: There's no such thing as a finished wiki. Like all wikis, this one is a work in progress and there will be changes from time to time in organisation, content and links. However, don't let that stop you from contacting me at any time with comments, suggestions or questions. In particular, please let me know if you find broken links so I can repair them as quickly as possible - thank you!

Lewis, T., & O’Dowd, R. (2016). Introduction to online intercultural exchange and this volume. In R. O’Dowd & T. Lewis (Eds.), Online intercultural exchange: Policy, pedagogy, practice. Florence: Taylor & Francis.
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