From Start to Finish

This page is a supplement to Mark Pegrum's paper entitled From Start to Finish: Mobile Technologies & Language Learning, presented at the Yildiz Technical University School of Foreign Languages' 1st International Symposium - Web Technologies in ELT Classrooms: Evaluating Current & Future Practice, Istanbul, Turkey, 1-2 December.


Mobile handheld technologies are spreading quickly, opening up many possibilities for language learning. Some familiar educational uses of mobile devices are technologically straightforward, conceptually simple and, frequently, pedagogically traditional; other possible uses are more technologically, conceptually and pedagogically sophisticated.
This paper surveys the terrain of mobile technologies in the teaching of language, beginning with simpler uses, many of which are oriented towards content consumption or behaviourist drills, and leading towards those which are more learner-centred, innovative and creative. The tools and techniques covered in this paper will include:

It will be seen that mobile technologies can be used to enhance the experience of language learning and, on occasion, to radically transform it.


  • Chen, B.X. (2011). Always on: How the iPhone unlocked the anything-anytime-anywhere future – and locked us in. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo.
  • Dudeney, G., Hockly, N., & Pegrum, M. (2013). Digital literacies. Harlow: Pearson.
  • Johnson, L., Smith, R., Willis, H., Levine, A., & Haywood, K. (2011). The 2011 Horizon Report. Austin, TX: The New Media Consortium.
  • Leone, S. & Leo, T. (2011). The synergy of paper-based and digital material for ubiquitous foreign language learners. Knowledge Management & E-Learning, 3(3), 319-341.
  • MacKinnon, R. (2012). Consent of the networked: The worldwide struggle for internet freedom. New York: Basic Books.
  • Murray, O.T., & Olcese, N.R. (2011). Teaching and learning with iPads, ready or not? TechTrends, 55(6), 42-48.
  • Rheingold, H. (2012). Net smart: How to thrive online. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Shirky, C. (2010b, Jun. 4). Does the internet make you smarter? Wall Street Journal.

Please feel free to explore the rest of this E-language resource wiki. You are welcome to contact Mark with comments, suggestions or questions.