Skip to main content
Wikispaces Classroom is now free, social, and easier than ever.
Try it today.
E-learning with web 1.0
E-learning with web 2.0
E-learning with web 3.0
Myths of e-learning
E-learning tag cloud
Pages and Files
This page is a supplement to Mark Pegrum's talk entitled
Digital Tools & the Future of Literacy,
delivered as part of the Symposium
Enhancing Online Literacies
at the AILA 2011 World Congress of Applied Linguistics in Beijing, China, 23-28 August 2011.
See other talks in the symposium: Digital Tools (Mark Pegrum) /
Tutor Skills & Qualities in Blended Learning
(Linda Martin) /
Preparing our Students for the Intercultural Reality
(Aline Germain-Rutherford) /
Learn English or Die
(Hayo Reinders & Sorada Wattana) /
(Regine Hampel & Uschi Stickler)
Our communication landscape has shifted dramatically in a few short years. New web 2.0 and related tools, ranging from blogs, wikis and podcasts to social sharing services, social networking sites and virtual worlds, are having an increasing impact on our everyday lives - and our everyday language and literacy practices. It's more crucial than ever for language teaching to encompass a wide variety of literacies which go well beyond traditional print literacy.
Multimodal (multimedia) literacy
takes into account the visual and audio elements which increasingly complement text on the internet.
is about acquiring the search and evaluation skills necessary to navigate through misinformation and disinformation to find reliable sources online.
is essential in a rapidly globalising world where different languages and cultures are coming into ever closer contact across digital networks.
, finally, is a macroliteracy which is becoming the hallmark of the digital age, as young people mash up pre-existing texts, images, music and videos to create new meanings.
This paper examines the above literacies one by one, showing how language teachers can incorporate elements of each into their everyday classroom activities. It demonstrates that combining traditional print with multimodal, information, intercultural and remix literacies can make the language classroom much more dynamic - and much more relevant to students' future lives and future uses of language.
The sections below contain links relevant to each of the four digital literacies covered in the talk. They include links to pages summarising key points, as well as links to specific services. Note that not all services may be available in all countries.
For more ideas on
multimodal (multimedia) literacy
, check out
tools. The specific services mentioned in the presentation include:
voice commentary on images:
When teaching about
, bogus or spoof websites can be a useful starting place. These are the bogus websites shown in the presentation:
All About Explorers
Dihydrogen Monoxide - DHMO Homepage
Help Save the Endangered Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus
In addition, you can check out the West Australian Education Department's list of
and Phil Bradley's list of
Fake Websites or Spoof Websites
As noted in the presentation, there are many platforms -
- which can be used to set up cross-cultural collaborations to help develop students'
. This is the list of organisations referred to:
Before beginning to teach students about
, it's worth taking a look at some existing examples of remixes or mashups, and considering the language and literacy benefits of exposing students to this macroliteracy. A quick
will turn up more than a million hits! Students will probably also have lots of ideas of their own about the kinds of remixes they would like to create, and the kinds of subjects they would like to address ...
Crystal, D. (2011).
Internet linguistics: A student guide.
Dixon, B., & Einhorn, S. (2011).
The right to learn: Identifying precedents for sustainable change.
Anytime Anywhere Learning Foundation, IdeasLAB, & Maine International Center for Digital Learning.
Dudeney, G., Hockly, N., & Pegrum, M. (in preparation).
Gibson, W. (2005, Jul.). God's little toys: Confessions of a cut and paste artist.
Lessig, L. (2007, Mar.). Larry Lessig on laws that choke creativity.
(posted Nov. 2007).
November, A. (2010).
Empowering students with technology.
(2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
Pegrum, M. (2009).
From blogs to bombs: The future of digital technologies in education.
Crawley: UWA Publishing.
Pegrum, M. (2010). ‘I link, therefore I am’: Network literacy as a core digital literacy.
E-learning and Digital Media, 7
Pegrum, M. (2011). Modified, multiplied and (re-)mixed: Social media and digital literacies. In M. Thomas (Ed.),
Digital education: Opportunities for social collaboration
New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [
Rheingold, H. (2008, Aug. 20).
Social media classroom.
Shirky, C. (2010, Jun. 4). Does the internet make you smarter?
Wall Street Journal.
Please feel free to explore the rest of this
E-language resource wiki
. You are welcome to
with comments, suggestions or questions.
help on how to format text
Contributions to http://e-language.wikispaces.com/ are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License
Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2017 Tangient LLC
TES: The largest network of teachers in the world
Turn off "Getting Started"